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Overview

The Common Crawl data set contains approximately 6 billion web documents stored on a publicly accessible, scalable computer cluster.  Here is some more information on the content and storage of the data set.

File Locations

The entire Common Crawl data set is stored on Amazon S3 as a Public Data Set:

  http://aws.amazon.com/datasets/41740

The data set is divided into three major subsets:

  Archived Crawl #1 - s3://aws-publicdatasets/common-crawl/crawl-001/ - crawl data from 2008/2010
  Archived Crawl #2 - s3://aws-publicdatasets/common-crawl/crawl-002/ - crawl data from 2009/2010
  Current Crawl - s3://aws-publicdatasets/common-crawl/parse-output/ - crawl data from 2012

The two archived crawl data sets are stored in folders organized by the year, month, date, and hour the content was crawled.  For example:

  s3://aws-publicdatasets/common-crawl/crawl-002/2010/01/06/10/1262847572760_10.arc.gz

the contents of this file were crawled started on January 6th, 2010 at 10 AM.

The current crawl data set is stored in the "parse-output" folder in a similar manner to how Nutch stores archives.  Crawl data is stored in a "segments" subfolder, then in a folder that starts with the UNIX timestamp of crawl start time.  For example:

  s3://aws-publicdatasets/common-crawl/parse-output/segment/1341690169105/1341826131693_45.arc.gz

The "crawl-intermediate", "merge-output", and "stats-output" subfolders are used for internal data processing, and, while publicly available, are currently not documented and are not considered part of the corpus.

File Types

The current crawl data set includes three different types of files:  ARC raw content, Text Only, and Metadata.

The archived crawl data sets contain only ARC raw content files.

ARC Files - Raw Content

ARC files contain the full HTTP response and payload for all pages crawled. The ARC file format was designed by the Internet Archive.  You can read more about this file format here:

  http://archive.org/web/researcher/ArcFileFormat.php

ARC files are a series of concatenated GZIP documents.  The first compressed member is a ARC file header, which usually looks like this:

filedesc://1341817173109_4.arc.gz 0.0.0.0 20120709065933 text/plain 73
1 0 CommonCrawl
URL IP-address Archive-date Content-type Archive-length

This file header lists the fields that are used in the record header of subsequent records:  URL, IP Address, Archive Date, Content Type, Archive Length

The rest of the individually compressed members consist of an ARC record header, followed by the full HTTP response:

http://www.srlchem.com/products/ 74.55.84.98 20120518232759 text/html 28556
HTTP/1.1 200 OK
Server:nginx
Date:Fri, 18 May 2012 23:28:04 GMT
Content-Type:text/html
...

The ARC files reside in timestamp-based folders in the archived crawls, and in the segment folders in the current crawl.  They files are named "*.arc.gz".  For example:

  s3://aws-publicdatasets/common-crawl/parse-output/segment/1341690169105/1341826131693_45.arc.gz

The Metadata files, described below, contain offsets into the ARC files.  You can use these offsets as a cross-reference between content metadata and the actual content.

Text Files - Text Only

Common Crawl also produces a series of text only files.  These files take content returned as HTML or RSS and parse out just the text content - making it easier for researchers to perform text-based analysis.

Text Only files are saved as Hadoop SequenceFiles using GZIP compression.  The key and value data types are both Text.  The key in these files is the URL, and the value is the actual text content.  From HTML pages, the text content includes the page title, the page meta description content, and all text content from the HTML body.  They are located in the segment directories, with a file name of "textData-nnnnn".  For example:

  s3://aws-publicdatasets/common-crawl/parse-output/segment/1341690169105/textData-00112

The numbers at the end of the filename are sequentially assigned to Text Only files within the segment - they have not specific meaning.

Further, Text Only files are translated from their native character sets into UTF-8.  All Text Only content (in all languages) can be read using the UTF-8 character set.

Currently, we are only producing Text Only files from HTML and RSS/Atom content.  The Text Only files are on average 20% of the size of the raw content.

Metadata

In addition to content files, Common Crawl produces a series of Metadata files that provide useful information about the crawled content.  For each URL, the Metadata files contain status information, the HTTP response code, and file names and offsets of ARC files where the raw content can be found.

Most importantly for some users, the Metadata files contain the HTML title, HTML meta tags, RSS/Atom information, and all anchors/hyperlinks from HTML documents (including all fields on the link tags).  Users can scan the metadata files to pick up extracted links rather than extracting the links themselves.

Records in the Metadata files are in the same order and have the same file numbers as the Text Only content.

Metadata files are saved as Hadoop SequenceFiles using GZIP compression.  The key and value data types are also both Text.  The key in these files is the URL, and the value is a JSON structure of fields and subfields - the full structure is defined below..  Just like the Text Only files, the Metadata files are located in the segment directories, with a file name of "metadata-nnnnn".  For example:

  s3://aws-publicdatasets/common-crawl/parse-output/segment/1341690169105/metadata-00112

Metadata Schema

The Metadata file JSON contains the following attributes.

All attributes are considered optional, and are only present when they apply.

General Attributes

The following attributes apply to all types of content:

Attribute NameAttribute DescriptionAvailable
attempt_timeThe time (in UNIX time format) that the crawl of this page was attempted.always
dispositionSUCCESS if the crawler received a successful HTTP response; FAILURE if not.always
failure_reasonA code representing why the crawl of this page failed.on failure
failure_detailA message, if available, on why the crawl of this page failed.on failure
server_ipThe IP address of the server that returned the response.on success
http_resultThe HTTP result code.on success
http_headersA JSON object containing all returned HTTP headers as key/value pairs.on success
redirect_from if URL was redirected
content_lenThe value of the Content-Length HTTP header.on success
mime_typeThe value of the Content-Type HTTP header (stripped of the charset).on success
download_sizeThe actual size of the downloaded content.on success
content_is_gzipOptional attribute that specifies that source content was gzip'd.if payload is gzip'd
gunzip_content_lenIf the content was gzip'd, this is the decompressed length of the incoming content.if payload is gzip'd
md5The md5 hash of the downloaded content.on success
text_simhashThe 64-bit simhash of the text (UCS-2) content if document was a valid text type.if payload is text
charset_detectedThe character set Common Crawl detected for the downloaded content.on success
charset_detector

0 - The character set was derived from an HTTP header.
1 - The character set was derived from an HTML "meta" tag.
2 - The character set was derived from the ICU detector.
3 - The character set was derived from the Mozilla detector.
10 - The character set could not be determined.  ISO-8895-1 is assumed.

on success
parsed_ashtml - Downloaded content was parsed as HTML.
feed - Downloaded content was parsed as an RSS/Atom feed.
on success
content

If the HTTP response code was 20x, and if the downloaded content was parsed as HTML or
as Feed, a JSON object represent the document's metadata.

HTTP Code = 20x

archiveInfo

A JSON object with information about where the content for this retrieved URL can be found.on success

archiveInfo > arcSourceSegmentId

The segment that contains the ARC file in which the content for this record is stored.
i.e. ../parse-output/segment/[arcSourceSegmentId]/[arcFileDate]_[arcFileParition].arc.gz
on success
archiveInfo > arcFileDateThe date prefix of the ARC file in which the content for this record is stored.
i.e. ../parse-output/segment/[arcSourceSegmentId]/[arcFileDate]_[arcFileParition].arc.gz
on success
archiveInfo > arcFileParitionThe partition ID of the ARC file in which the content for this record is stored.
i.e. ../parse-output/segment/[arcSourceSegmentId]/[arcFileDate]_[arcFileParition].arc.gz
on success
archiveInfo > arcFileOffsetThe byte offset at which the ARC file record is stored.on success
archiveInfo > compressedSizeThe compressed size of the ARC file record associated with this URL.on success


HTML Content Attributes

The "content" JSON object of an HTML document can contain the following fields:

Attribute NameAttribute Description
content > typeAlways "html-doc".

content > title

The value of the HTML "title" tag.
content > meta_tags

A JSON array of objects representing each "meta" tag found by the parser.

Note:  If the "meta" tag uses a "property" attribute instead of a "name" attribute, "property" is used as the key.

content > linksA JSON array of objects representing each link found by the parser.
content > links > typeThe HTML tag type that the link was found in.  Examples:  a, area, frame, iframe, script, img, link, etc.
content > links > hrefThe URL associated with the tag, usually from the "href" attribute.
content > links > textThe text displayed for the link.  Usually the value of the link element.
content > links > *Every attribute of the link tag is provided.


RSS Content Attributes

The "content" JSON object of an RSS feed document can contain the following fields:

Attribute NameAttribute Value
content > type

Always "rss-feed".

content > titleThe value of the feed "title" element.
content > link

The value of the feed "link" element.

content > descriptionThe value of the feed "description" element.
content > updatedThe later of either the "lastBuildDate" or the "pubDate" elements.
content > generator

The value of the feed "generator" element.

content > ttlThe value of the feed "ttl" element.
content > categoriesA JSON array of category names associated with the feed.
content > itemsA JSON array of objects representing each feed item.
content > items > titleThe value of the item "title" element.
content > items > descriptionThe value of the item "description" element.
content > items > linkThe value of the item "link" element.
content > items > authorThe value of the item "author" element.
content > items > commentsThe value of the item "comments" element.  A URL where users can comment on the feed item.
content > items > publishedThe value of the item "pubDate" element.
content > items > guidThe value of the item "GUID" element.  A unique identifier for the feed item.
content > items > categoriesA JSON array of category names associated with the item.
content > items > contentA JSON object or array of objects containing any links embedded in the body of the item.

 

Atom Content Attributes

The "content" JSON object of an Atom feed document can contain the following fields:

Attribute NameAttribute Value
content > type

Always "atom-feed".

content > titleThe value of the feed "title" element, stripped of any HTML.
content > link

A JSON object representing the feed rel=alternate "link" element.

content > descriptionThe value of the feed "description" element.
content > updatedThe value of the feed "updated" element.
content > generator

The value of the feed "generator" element.

content > authorsA JSON array of authors associated with the feed.
content > categoriesA JSON array of category names associated with the feed.
content > itemsA JSON array of objects representing each feed item.
content > items > titleThe value of the item "title" element, stripped of any HTML.
content > items > descriptionThe value of the item "description" element.
content > items > linkA JSON object or array of objects representing the item rel=alternate "link" elements.
content > items > selfA JSON object or array of objects representing the item rel=self "link" elements.
content > items > repliesA JSON object or array of objects representing the item rel=replies "link" elements.
content > items > authorsA JSON array of objects represeting the item authors.
content > items > publishedThe value of the item "published" element.
content > items > updatedThe value of the item "updated" element.
content > items > categoriesA JSON array of category names associated with the item.
content > items > contentA JSON object or array of objects containing any links embedded in the body of the item.



 

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